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ACT语法考前复习知识点!

129人浏览 2019.07.10 分享到:

  ACT语法是我们拿到高分的基础,这样才能取得让自己满意的成绩。而在ACT考试前我们务必要将所有做过的题目进行复习梳理,分析总结易错考点和题目。下面就跟着小编来巩固一下易错考点!

  易错考点1:句子结构

  句子结构考点在ACT英语考试中占到24%,题目数量较大,也具有一定难度,但其实出题思路十分固定,我们只要分析清楚句子中的主谓宾结构(SVO)即可轻松拿分。下面让我们来看一下相关的例句。

  Holm claims to have a prairie eye, feeling uncomfortable in enclosed, mysterious spaces like the woods, he prefers the “magnitude and delicacy” of the open prairiea.

  这个句子中Holm claims to have a prairie eye是完整的SVO, He prefers the “magnitude and delicacy” of the open prairie又是完整的SVO,中间feeling uncomfortable in enclosed, mysterious spaces like the woods是现在分词(doing)做插入语,句子就成了SVO, doing, SVO。这是错误的,不能用逗号直接连接两个SVO,可以将woods后面的逗号改成句号。如果要用逗号连接,可以将其中一个改为从句或者添加合适的连词。

  Broadcasting this event from receivers set up in store windows, city parks, and other public spaces to demonstrate that anyone could listen to the wireless, not just people with special skills and hard-to-build equipment.

  这个句子中有并列连词and,前后应该连接两个完整的句子结构,但是and后面other public spaces to demonstrate that anyone could listen to the wireless缺少谓语动词 ,动词不定式(to do)不能作谓语,可以将to demonstrate改为would demonstrate。

  易错考点2:标点符号

  标点符号考点在ACT英语考试中占到13%,比例也较大。其中逗号的用法考得最多,逗号表示短暂的停顿,通常可以分割插入语、状语、非限制性定语从句等;其次是破折号,单破折号后面通常引出解释说明的内容,双破折号中间夹插入语;冒号后面通常进行解释说明或者举例说明;分号可以连接完整句子,表示并列关系或者顺承关系。还有一点需要注意的就是不用标点符号的情形。

  My grandmother tried to explain that “Miami time” referred to those moments, when time seemed to slow down or stand still.

  这个句子是想用when引导非限制性定语从句解释说明前面的those moments,但是those moments并不是特指,我们仍然不知道是哪些时刻,when引导限制性定语从句来修饰限定those moments,才能清楚地表达具体的时间,所以这里不能用逗号,应该把when之前的逗号删去。

  易错考点3:逻辑连接

  逻辑连接题也是大家容易出现问题的考点,在做此类问题时首先要判断上下文有无相应关系,如果没有不用连接词,如果有则根据文意判断属于哪种关系再选择合适的连接词。

  In one shot, my young grandparents toted crates filled with ripe fruit, and my mother sat on a branch, peering down at the camera. They floated before me, not like ancestral ghosts but physical and alive. Yet, all my mother’s stories came to mind.

  上面的例句中Yet表示转折,而实际上这里前后句并没有转折的关系,只是接着进行叙述,所以应该把Yet,删去。

  易错考点4:动词

  动词是常考考点,通常考查主语和谓语动词单复数的一致性和动词的时态。主谓一致最主要的问题是排除修饰的成分找到真正的主语,常见的形式有noun 1 of noun 2 / noun 1 prep. noun 2 / noun, …… , verb (noun— …… — verb) / noun doing/done verb。此外,还要注意识别倒装。而时态最主要的是要根据上下文和逻辑进行判断,注意动词的不规则变化形式。

  Resting a moment, I slipped a grape in my mouth, spat out the bitter seeds and skin, and let the sweet fruit settle in my tongue.

  上面的例句中spat是spit的过去式,这里是and来连接三个并列的谓语动词,slipped和let都是过去时,spat的用法是正确的。

  易错考点5:分词

  分词包括现在分词(doing)和过去分词(done),它们都属于修饰语,逻辑主语跟句子的主语保持一致,应该放在离修饰对象最近的位置。

  Etched with the names of fallen soldiers, visitors had adorned the wall with flowers and American flags left in remembrance.

  Etched是一个过去分词,是the wall被刻,而不是visitors,所有这句话逗号后面应改为the wall was adorned with flowers and American flags that visitors had left,从而使分词的主语与主句的主语保持一致。

  In 1989, he came up with his idea for a line of Southern-inspired cuisine, a time when there were no convenience foods designed for African American consumers.

  a time when不是在解释说明cuisine,而是补充说明1989,修饰的成分应该放在离修饰对象最近的位置,这句话可以改为He came up with his idea for a line of Southern-inspired cuisine in1989, a time when there were no convenience foods designed for African American consumers.

  分词包括现在分词(doing)和过去分词(done),它们都属于修饰语,逻辑主语跟句子的主语保持一致,应该放在离修饰对象最近的位置。

  Etched with the names of fallen soldiers, visitors had adorned the wall with flowers and American flags left in remembrance.

  Etched是一个过去分词,是the wall被刻,而不是visitors,所有这句话逗号后面应改为the wall was adorned with flowers and American flags that visitors had left,从而使分词的主语与主句的主语保持一致。

  In 1989, he came up with his idea for a line of Southern-inspired cuisine, a time when there were no convenience foods designed for African American consumers.

  a time when不是在解释说明cuisine,而是补充说明1989,修饰的成分应该放在离修饰对象最近的位置,这句话可以改为He came up with his idea for a line of Southern-inspired cuisine in1989, a time when there were no convenience foods designed for African American consumers.

  有关ACT考试冲刺的内容就给大家介绍到这里了,想要了解ACT中国大陆考点、ACT科学真题等内容,大家可以多多关注我们的网站。



ACT语法考前复习知识点!

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