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ACT语法总结,那些经常弄混的词汇!

104人浏览 2019.07.10 分享到:

  ACT语法可以说是一切考试的基础,想要在规定时间内完成答卷,语法要足够熟练。那么今天,小编就带大家看一看在ACT考试中,那些经常会弄混的词汇。

  1. pass VS past

  pass词性是动词,意思是“穿过(沿特定方向),经过”

  e.g. Jane passed through the doorway into the hospital. (“pass”充当谓语动词)

  past词性是介词,意思是“经过”

  e.g. I dashed past him and out of the room.(“past”充当状语)

  例题1:

  Amelia Earhart passed into history, and from there into myth. The legend of her achievements and of her mysterious disappearance still captivates us.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. past into

  C. passed over

  D. past over

  解析:

  句中主语是“Amelia”, 划线部分必须是能够充当谓语的动词,所以只能是动词“pass”,介词“past” 不能充当谓语,所以排除B,D。C “pass over” 意思是 “忽略”,意思不符合句意,所以选A

  例题2:

  It has no running water, electricity, or phone, and Glacier National Park is just across the river that flows past her cabin door.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. passed her cabin

  C. passed her cabin’s

  D. past her cabin’

  解析:

  句中that引导的定语从句中that作主语,flow作谓语,所以划线部分应该作状语,应该选“past”, 所以选D

  例题3:

  Crowds of people mill about, moseying they’re way past costumed characters and colorful booths.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. they’re way passed

  C. their way passed

  D. their way past

  解析:

  moseying到句尾是状语部分,所以不能接一句话,意思是“经过那些角色”。选D。


  2. arise, rise, raise

  arise意思是“出现”

  e.g. The birds also attack crops when the opportunity arises.

  rise意思是“上升”

  e.g. The smoke rises in a cloud around him.

  raise意思是“举起,提高,改善”

  e.g. He raised his hand to wave.

  例题:

  1. Forten’s knowledge of ships, gained from his experiences as a sailor during the war, paid off. He rose to the position of foreman, and in 1798, Forten bought the sailmaker’s business.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. had arose

  C. had rose

  D. raised

  解析:

  句中划线部分的意思是“上升到一个职位”,所以选择“rise” A

  3. enlighten VS illuminate

  enlighten是动词,意思是“启迪”

  illuminate是动词,意思是“照亮”

  例题:

  1. Beams of light enlightened the exterior of the White House, and every window glowed as the work of governing continued into the night.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. illuminated

  C. irradiated

  D. inflamed

  解析:

  句子意思是“光束着凉了白宫的外部”,所以选 “illuminate”

  4. affect VS effect

  affect是动词,意思是“影响”

  effect是名词,意思是“影响”

  例题:

  1. This effect, my mother explained, was the result of two techniques.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. affect,

  C. affect

  D. effect

  解析:

  划线部分是主语,所以必须选名词effect,所以选A

  5. contract VS compress

  contract词性是动词,意思是收缩(自动)

  e.g. The plastic toy contracts when it is cooled.

  compress词性是动词,意思是压缩(人为的)

  e.g. Poor posture compresses the body’s organs.

  例题:

  1.The engineers called in local firefighters in the hope that spraying the leg with water to cool it would make it contract.

  A.NO CHANGE

  B. reduce.

  C. decrease.

  D. compress.

  解析:

  句子意思是遇冷自动收缩,所以应该选“contract”A

  以上就是小编今天带来的全部内容,符合条件的小伙伴快快行动吧,想了解更多关于ACT阅读题目、ACT写作基础的内容,多多关注我们的网站。


ACT语法总结,那些经常弄混的词汇!

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